Trafalgar Square, London

Trafalgar Square is a public square in the city of Westminster, Central London. It was formed in 19th century around the area formerly known as Charing Cross. It is among the 10 most visited tourist attractions in London. The name of the Square is in remembrance of the Battle of Trafalgar and the British naval victory in the Napoleonic Wars over France and Spain. Famous buildings around the square include: the National Gallery, St Martin-in-the-Fields, Canada House and South Africa House. The annual celebrations on New Year’s Eve takes place there. Formerly, it was a home for pigeons but currently it is majorly used for public events.

History of Trafalgar Square, London

During the building work on the south side of the square in the late 1950s, several deposits were discovered. The deposits included the remains of: cave lions, rhinoceroses, straight-tusked elephants and hippopotamus. In 1844, it was decided that two fountains should be included in the layout. Originally the square was surfaced with tarmacadam which was later on replaced with stones in 1920s.

Major attractions in Trafalgar Square

  1. The Nelson’s Column

It a very famous attraction found in the square. In 1842, the column with a statue at the top was built so as to commemorate famous British war hero Admiral Lord Nelson.

  1. The bronze Lion Sculptures

It is found at the foot of Nelson’s column. It is a very beautiful place for taking pictures.

  1. The National Gallery

This is the largest building on the square. It has some steps which directs one to the front of the building, providing good overview of the Trafalgar Square.

  1. The church of St Martin-in-the-Fields

It is commonly known because it is located at better position in the center of London and it is a venue for classical concerts. Inside the church, there is a café for visitors which offer freshly cooked meals at lower prices.

  1. The two fountains

The fountains are surrounded by basins which offer some good seat possibilities for refreshment especially for the visitors. During hot days, overheated tourists put their feet into the water.

Activities carried out

  1. There are many transport channels which include:
  • Railway stations
  • Tourist buses
  • Heathrow Airport
  1. There are several hotels which offer food and drinks for the visitors:
  • The Clermont, Charing Cross Hotel
  • The Henrietta Hotel
  • Thistle Piccadilly Hotel
  • Club Quarters Hotel
  • Assembly Hotel London
  • Great Scotland Yard Hotel
  1. There are public toilets for the public at an affordable fee
  2. There are pubs used by people for refreshment of people which include:
  • The Admiralty
  • Walkers of Whitehall
  1. There is a police station

The outpost was placed here in 1920s so as to allow law enforcement.

  1. Street Performers and Artists

The space is occupied by artists, musicians and street performers. The artists do beautiful chalk work, musicians play acoustic guitars and magicians perform tricks.

  1. Annual events in Trafalgar Square include:
  • Chinese New Year carried out in January where activities such as singing, dancing, martial arts displays, fireworks, dragons and delicious Chinese street food are carried out.
  • Patrick’s Day celebrated on March
  • George’s Day, April
  • ‘Eid Festival, May
  • West End Live, June
  • London Pride, July
  • Japan Matsuri Festival, September- the guests expect martial art displays, Edo period magic tricks, Japanese delicacies and a karaoke contest
  • Africa on the Square, October
  • Silence in the Square, November
  • London’s Christmas Tree, December

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